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Friday, March 16, 2012

Neutrino's Saga - final chapter?

Time of flight difference between the speed of light and the arriving neutrinos. Observe a great difference between the two experiments. Now, we have to wait for the new results of the OPERA experiment, after the cable's problem.
The ICARUS experiment uploaded a paper to the arXiv website with a preprint paper about the neutrinos' velocity, in October 2011, defying the superluminal neutrinos. Now, after the assumption of a problem in a cable, by the OPERA team, ICARUS published a preprint paper that confirms the previous results that neutrinos doesn't travel with a speed superior that the speed of light. 
So, we have to wait for the OPERA results (we need a large number of events and it takes... days), to confirm that neutrinos aren't superluminal.
Here is the abstract:

Measurement of the neutrino velocity with the ICARUS detector at the CNGS beam

The CERN-SPS accelerator has been briefly operated in a new, lower intensity neutrino mode with ~10^12 p.o.t. /pulse and with a beam structure made of four LHC-like extractions, each with a narrow width of ~3 ns, separated by 524 ns. This very tightly bunched beam structure represents a substantial progress with respect to the ordinary operation of the CNGS beam, since it allows a very accurate time-of-flight measurement of neutrinos from CERN to LNGS on an event-to-event basis. The ICARUS T600 detector has collected 7 beam-associated events, consistent with the CNGS delivered neutrino flux of 2.2 10^16 p.o.t. and in agreement with the well known characteristics of neutrino events in the LAr-TPC. The time of flight difference between the speed of light and the arriving neutrino LAr-TPC events has been analysed. The result is compatible with the simultaneous arrival of all events with equal speed, the one of light. This is in a striking difference with the reported result of OPERA [1] that claimed that high energy neutrinos from CERN should arrive at LNGS about 60 ns earlier than expected from luminal speed. 
 Read more in, CNet and Wired
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